How Did Guihulngan Got Its Name
There are several versions how the city derived its name. The first, according to old tales, was attributed to a river flowing directly to the town proper from the main spring in sitio Anahaw, Barangay Nagsaha, hence the name "GUIPADULNGAN" which means the point where the river flows to an end.
The second is associated with the gruesome incident in the 19th Century when the Philippines was a colony of Spain, men, women and children where said to be captured, beheaded and thrown into the sea, now known as Tañon Strait, by the Moros. Other accounts claim that the moros dropped a bell into the sea when they found out that was used by the lookout warn the townsfolk of the coming. Since that time the place was called "GUIHULUGAN" which means, "Place where a thing was dropped". But in the Spanish writing, "U" and "N" are similar that’s why it became and commonly known as GUIHULNGAN.
Whether it all started as "GUIPADULNGAN" or "GUIHULNGAN", the name is indeed very symbolic as the town is “dropped” with abundant blessings from the Almighty for a significant "end"
Guihulngan is politically subdivided into 33 barangays.
- Padre Zamora
- Tinayunan Beach
- Tinayunan Hill
How It Became A City
Guihulngan was already the largest municipality in Negros Oriental when, in July 2007, a popular referendum was passed declaring it a city.
15 months later, however, Guihulngan lost its cityhood, along with 15 other cities. The Supreme Court of the Philippines had granted a petition filed by the League of Cities of the Philippines, declaring the cityhood law (RA 9409), which had allowed the town to acquire its city status, unconstitutional. The said cities, the court ruled, had not meet the requirements for cityhood.
More than a year later, on December 22, 2009, acting on the appeal of the so-called "League of 16 Cities" (of which Guihulngan is a part of), the Supreme Court reversed its earlier ruling as it ruled that "at the end of the day, the passage of the amendatory law (regarding the criteria for cityhood as set by Congress) is no different from the enactment of a law, i.e., the cityhood laws specifically exempting a particular political subdivision from the criteria earlier mentioned. Congress, in enacting the exempting law/s, effectively decreased the already codified indicators."As such, the cityhood status of Guihulngan is effectively restored.
But on August 24, 2010, in a 16-page resolution, the Supreme Court reinstated its November 18, 2008 decision striking down the Cityhood laws making Guihulngan a municipality again.
Voting 7-6, with two justices not taking part, the SC reinstated its Nov. 18, 2008 decision declaring as unconstitutional the Republic Acts (RAs) converting 16 municipalities into cities.
In February 15, 2011 the Supreme Court upheld its decision for the 3rd time making Guihulngan a city again.